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Dreams: Unlock the Power of Your Mind PDF, ePub eBook


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Title: Dreams: Unlock the Power of Your Mind
Author: Anonymous
Publisher: Published May 19th 2011 by qasim idrees (first published 1899)
ISBN: 2940012035851
Status : FREE Rating :
4.6 out of 5

10910550-dreams.pdf

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Over 328 pages of information regarding the interpretation of dreams. This book will help you to discover and understand your mind, body and soul. Dreams can be a very powerful tool when understood correctly. Below is an excerpt taken from the "Foreword" in "The Interpretation of Dreams". In 1909, G. Stanley Hall invited me to Clark University, in Worcester, to give the firs Over 328 pages of information regarding the interpretation of dreams. This book will help you to discover and understand your mind, body and soul. Dreams can be a very powerful tool when understood correctly. Below is an excerpt taken from the "Foreword" in "The Interpretation of Dreams". In 1909, G. Stanley Hall invited me to Clark University, in Worcester, to give the first lectures on psychoanalysis. In the same year, Dr Brill published the first of his translations of my writings, which were soon followed by further ones. If psychoanalysis now plays a role in American intellectual life, or if it does so in the future, a large part of this result will have to be attributed to this and other activities of Dr Brill's. His first translation of The Interpretation of Dreams appeared in 1913. Since then, much has taken place in the world, and much has been changed in our views about the neuroses. This book, with the new contribution to psychology which surprised the world when it was published (1900), remains essentially unaltered. It contains, even according to my present-day judgment, the most valuable of all the discoveries it has been my good fortune to make. Insight such as this falls to one's lot but once in a lifetime.

30 review for Dreams: Unlock the Power of Your Mind

  1. 5 out of 5

    Alevtina

    Wait a second. Why did I even pick up this book? Wasn't Freud like ... insane? Wasn't he absolutely and helplessly fixated on sex? Does he or does he not, label developmental stages words such as 'anal'? Oh, that's right, I major in psychology. Typical lunatics, us psych majors. It saddens me, that unless you have taken psychology courses or have done a fair amount of research into the field, you hold a very narrow view of Dr. Sigmund Freud. A doctor, with a medical degree from the University of V Wait a second. Why did I even pick up this book? Wasn't Freud like ... insane? Wasn't he absolutely and helplessly fixated on sex? Does he or does he not, label developmental stages words such as 'anal'? Oh, that's right, I major in psychology. Typical lunatics, us psych majors. It saddens me, that unless you have taken psychology courses or have done a fair amount of research into the field, you hold a very narrow view of Dr. Sigmund Freud. A doctor, with a medical degree from the University of Vienna, Freud later shifted his focus to psychiatry, realizing that his patients' mental health was at risk. He truly wanted to help people. That does not come across, even in psychology textbooks. However, you can definitely feel that in this book. I was surprised to find Freud's voice as an author(translation may have affected this) quite inviting. Many of Freud's findings about dream psychology were drawn from his own dreams. This creates a bias in his thinking. I will not deceive you, Freud did not try to be objective. However, I read this book casually. I did not study it. I did not look for flaws. What I did do however, is enjoy it. It was actually a very pleasant read, cover to cover. If you are interested in dreams, you will enjoy this book. Even of you don't agree with the conclusions Freud draws, I bet you will find his journey into dreams fascinating.

  2. 4 out of 5

    Agir(آگِر)

    جمله ای از موریس مترلینگ درباره خواب هست که دقیقا خاطرم نیست ولی :چنین مضمونی داشت یک سوم زندگی ما در خواب می گذرد و ما از کجا مطمئن باشیم آنچه در خواب می بینیم حقیقی تر از بیداری نباشد؟ این کتاب را خواندم چون دنیای خواب برایم خیلی شگفت انگیز است و کنجکاو بودم بدانم این خواب ها از کجا می آیند و چطور است که گاهی در بعضی خواب ها، آینده خود را به ما نشان می دهد؟ سوال های ماورالطبیعه ایم حل نگردید ولی بجای ان با بُعد دیگری از خواب آشنا شدم؛یعنی فلسفه وجودی و جنبه روانشناسی اکثر خواب ها خواب ها معمولا با جمله ای از موریس مترلینگ درباره خواب هست که دقیقا خاطرم نیست ولی :چنین مضمونی داشت یک سوم زندگی ما در خواب می گذرد و ما از کجا مطمئن باشیم آنچه در خواب می بینیم حقیقی تر از بیداری نباشد؟ این کتاب را خواندم چون دنیای خواب برایم خیلی شگفت انگیز است و کنجکاو بودم بدانم این خواب ها از کجا می آیند و چطور است که گاهی در بعضی خواب ها، آینده خود را به ما نشان می دهد؟ سوال های ماورالطبیعه ایم حل نگردید ولی بجای ان با بُعد دیگری از خواب آشنا شدم؛یعنی فلسفه وجودی و جنبه روانشناسی اکثر خواب ها خواب ها معمولا باقی مانده اتفاقات روز قبل هستند.خواب برای این است که کام های وازده را برآورده سازد تا روان انسان به آرامش برسد یعنی علاوه بر اینکه ما از لحاظ بدنی خستگی در می کنیم از لحاظ روانی هم تخلیه می شویم چگونگی تشکیل خواب را در آخرین قسمت ریویو آورده ام اینکه چطور این آرزوها و افکار پنهانی به رویا تبدیل می شوند و چنین رمزآلود و گاها پر از اساطیر و... می شوند حیرت انگیز است ادبیات و نقاشی و بیشتر هنرهای تجسمی و حتی خود سینما مطمئنا از خواب الگو گرفته اند یادمه در کتابی خواندم مک کارتنی یکی از اعضای مهم گروه "بیتلز" آهنگ یا شعر ترانه معروف «دیروز» را در خواب دیده بود و روز بعد آن را نوشت احتمالا شعر بوده چون طبق این کتاب و تجربیاتی که خود در خواب داشته ام، همه یا بیشتر خواب ها بصورت صامت هستند :تعریف تعبیر خواب بصورت علمی تعبیر خواب یعنی صورت ظاهر آن را به صورت باطن یعنی افکار پنهان تبدیل کنیم.یا به زبان دیگر آنچه را رویا بافته از هم جدا کنیم :زبان خواب بیشتر خواب ها زبانی نمادین دارند و این زبان گاهی ریشه ای هزاران ساله دارد که برای تعبیر آن باید شناختی از اسطوره ها داشت آیا هیجان انگیز نیست که خوابی ببینی که در آن گاها زبان مشترکی با اجداد هزاران ساله ات داشته باشی؟ :نکاتی جالب در مورد زبان خواب و هم زبان کهن زبان شناسان مشهور بر این عقیده اند که در کهن ترین زبان های بشر معانی متضاد مانند بیرون و درون، زبون و توانا، به یک صورت ادا می شده و کلمات اولیه دارای دو معنی بوده اند در بعضی موارد وحدت رموز و اشارات از وحدت زبان وسیع تر است بعضی علائم به طور عموم بین اشخاص دارای یک زبان و فرهنگ، مشترک است :چند مثال از رموز خواب در اینجا می آورم رمز «عبا» در خواب: ما معتقد بودیم عبا در خواب های زنان مرز مرد است و به او اشاره می کند آقای رایک می گوید: داماد، نزد طوایف بیابانگرد، در جشن های قدیمی ازدواج، عروس را با یک پارچه بزرگ که عبا نامیده می شد می پوشاند و «کلمات زیر را تکرار می کرد: «مگذار جز من کسی در آینده تو را بپوشاند رمز پل : آقای فیرنزی در سال 1922-1921 آن را فاش کرد پل در اصل نماینده عضو تناسلی مرد می باشد که در اثنای نزدیکی، پدر و مادر را به هم وصل می کند، ولی به زودی تبدیل و تحویل یافت و دارای معانی متعددی گردید که همه معانی جدید از همان معنای اصلی مشتق شده است و چون عضو تناسلی مرد مسئول حقیقت تولید انسان از آب است، پس پل نماینده رهگذر یا موصل از آنجا (ماقبل ولادت- رحم مادر) به اینجا یا (زندگی) می باشد و چون بشر مرگ را بازگشت به رحم زن(بازگشت به آب) می داند پس رمز پل معنی چیزی که مرگ را در بر دارد پیدا می کند...اخیرا ممکن است پل از معنی اصل خود، بیشتر تجرید شود و بر معانی دورتری اطلاق گردد، ولی هر طوری که باشد نماینده انتقال یا هرگونه تغییر حالت می باشد و همین است راز زنی که هنوز نتوانسته است بر رغبت «مرد شدن» خودش چیره شود ..و پل های کوتاهی که به لب خشکی سمت دیگر نرسیده زیاد به خواب می بیند مقصود از امپراتور و امپراتریس و شاه و ملکه، پدر و مادر است.اطاق خواب به زن تعبیر می شود و غرض از درهای ورود و خروج مخرج های طبیعی بدن است علامات و اشاراتی که در رویا به کار می رود اغلب برای پنهان کردن اشخاص یا اعضا بدن یا اعمالی است که مربوط به شهوت رانی می شود.مقصود از اسلحه تیز و اشیا دراز و سفت و تنه درخت و عصا ، آلت رجولیت است و از گنجه و جعبه و درشکه و بخاری باید به عضو زن پی برد :مثالی از خواب دهشت آور یک دوشیزه که رموز جالبی در آن نهفته است نکته مهم: خواب همواره روابط زمانی را به روابط مکانی تبدیل می کند یکی از خواب های خیلی جالب که قبلا در نت آنرا بصورت معما خوانده بودم کمی خواب را تغییر و حالتی جنایی به آن داده بودند که اگر جواب درست میدادی برچسب قاتل بالفطره را بهت می چسباندند یک روانکاو به تنهایی نمی تواند خوابی را به وسیله رموز و نمادها تعبیر کند مگر به کمک شخصی که خواب دیده و تداعیاتی که این شخص از خواب خود دارد همه خواب ها را فقط تا حدی می توان شناخت و تعبیر کرد در هر خوابی لاقل به یک نقطه می رسیم که از آن فراتر نتوانیم رفت. مثل اینکه این نقطه ناف خواب است و آن را به ناشناختنی وصل می کند :خواب و ادبیات خواب در ادبیات هم جایگاه خاصی دارد و نویسندگان قدیمی و جدید از آن استفاده های زیادی می کنند.مثلا در کتاب «بار هستی» میلان کوندرا، خواب های ترزا بخش مهمی از کتاب هستند.حالا چقدر قبل و بعد از فروید درست تعبیر شده اند را نمی دانم اما خود فروید می گوید:اشتباهات و تناقضی که در ادبیات راجع به خواب دیده می شود از خطای نویسندگان است که اغلب نمی دانند خواب دارای خیالاتی است باطنی و باید آن را به وسیله ی تحلیل از اصل خواب بیرون کشید :نتایج زیگموند فروید برای اثبات نظریه هاش درباره خواب بیشتر با پزشکان جسمی اختلاف نظر داشت تا عامه مردم این پزشکان همانطور که در استاتوس آوردم روانکاوی را علم نمی دانستند و به خواب هم دیدگاهی مادی گرایانه داشتند پزشکانی به خلاف فلاسفه، رویا را عمل روحی نمی دانند و برآنند که صور خواب تنها مولود تحریکات جسم و حواس است که از عالم بیرون و یا از اختلاج اعضا درون به خفته می رسد :اما خود فروید دو نتیجه مهم از تحقیقاتش میگرد خواب برآورده شدن آرزو است که اغلب خواب های کودکان به وضوح این را اثبات می کند خواب اشخاص بزرگسال عموما ناشی از امیال شهوانی است با استفاده از خواب می توان به ریشه بیماری های روانی دست یافت.در روانکاوی، خواب نقش خیلی مهمی دارد همانطور که خیالات غیرارادی دارند خیالات غیرارادی آن خیالات ناخوانده و پریشانی است که رشته ی فکر را هر دم پاره می کند، همان است که صاحب خیال آنرا پوچ و بی معنی می پندارد چون هم خواب و هم این خیالات برخاسته از درون آدمی است و می تواند قسمتی از وجود ما را که حتی برای ما ناشناخته است بما بنمایاند فروید در مورد سانسور غیرآگاهانه هم توضیحات جالبی دارد که باورمان شاید :نشود که بدون آنکه بدانیم افکاری را درونمان سانسور می نماییم این حالت خاص روحی را پس رانی می نامم. این حالت در واقع حس تنفری است که نسبت به افکاری در شخص تولید می شود نحوه تفکر ما و افکار پس رانده و چگونگی بوجود آمدن خواب از نظر فروید که :یکی از جالب ترین قسمت های کتاب است ما عقیده داریم که روح انسان برای ایجاد فکر، دو قوه دارد. قوه دوم دارای این مزیت است که هرچه را می سازد، وجدان بی درنگ درک می کند لکن ساخته ی قوه ی اولی نامدرک مانده و یا به وسیله قوه ی دومی به وجدان می رسد در سرحد این دو قوه آنجا که قوه ی اولی به قوه ی دومی می پیوندند یک غربال نقادی وجود دارد که افکار باید از آن بگذرد. آنچه نباید وارد وجدان شود از غربال نمی گذرد و به جا می ماند. افکار باقیمانده را که غربال نقادی وا می زند،(افکار پس رانده) می نامیم. ولی در مواقع خاصی در ضمن خواب، عمل نقادی سست شده فعالیت دو قوه از راه عادی منحرف می شوند و قسمتی از افکار پس رانده خود را به وجدان می رساند بنابراین، چون عمل نقادی هرچند سست بشوند ناچار تغییر صورت داده چهره ی زشت خود را به طوری بپوشانند. بنابراین آنچه وارد وجدان می شود حاصل سازش و مصالحه ای که بین تقاضاهای مخالف دو قوه صورت می گیرد باید دانست عمل پس رانی و سستی نقادی و مصالحه نه تنها در خواب بلکه در هر توع فعالیت روحی محسوس است وقتی خواب به بیداری تبدیل شد انتقاد به کار خود پرداخته آنچه را در مدت ناتوانی پذیرفته بود از خود می راند. اینکه رویا به سرعت فراموش می شود دلیل واضح و مثبتی بر این نظریه است. به اضافه در اثر تجربه می دانیم که هنگام حکایت کردن خواب یا تجزیه ی آن ممکن است نکته یی که به کلی فراموش شده بود به خاطر بیاید و اتفاقا آن نکته بهترین و نزدیک ترین وسیله فهم مقصود خواب واقع می شود و شاید هم به همین جهت در نتیجه عمل انتقاد، آن نکته به فراموشی سپرده شده است حتی وقتی به خواب عمیق فرو رفته ایم یک مقدار توجه در ما بیدار است تا اگر لازم و صلاح باشد ما را از خواب بیدار کند. به قول «بورداخ» فیزیولوژیست معروف، هرکس از آنچه بیشتر مایه ی تعلق او است زودتر متاثر شده بیدار می شود، چنانکه مادر از گریه ی کودک و آسیابان از توقف سنگ آسیا و اغلب اشخاص از شنیدن اسم خود آسان بیدار می شوند وقتی لحظه آخر پیش از بیدار شدن، در خواب صدا و هیاهو باشد برای این است که صدای خارج در رویا به صورت دیگری ترجمه شده خواب را قطع نکند و چند لحظه دیگر هم به خفته مجال استراحت بدهد

  3. 4 out of 5

    Ahmad Sharabiani

    Die Traumdeutung = The Interpretation of Dreams, Sigmund Freud The Interpretation of Dreams (German: Die Traumdeutung) is an 1899 book by the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, in which the author introduces his theory of the unconscious with respect to dream interpretation, and discusses what would later become the theory of the Oedipus complex. Freud revised the book at least eight times and, in the third edition, added an extensive section which treated dream symbolism very literally, following the Die Traumdeutung = The Interpretation of Dreams, Sigmund Freud The Interpretation of Dreams (German: Die Traumdeutung) is an 1899 book by the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, in which the author introduces his theory of the unconscious with respect to dream interpretation, and discusses what would later become the theory of the Oedipus complex. Freud revised the book at least eight times and, in the third edition, added an extensive section which treated dream symbolism very literally, following the influence of Wilhelm Stekel. Freud said of this work, "Insight such as this falls to one's lot but once in a lifetime." عنوانها: تفسیر خواب؛ تعبیر خواب و بیماریهای روانی؛ نویسنده: زیگموند فروید؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش: ماه آگوست سال 1974 میلادی عنوان: تفسیر خواب؛ نویسنده: زیگموند فروید؛ مترجم: محمد خاور؛ تهران، کانون شهریار، 1328؛ در 55 ص موضوع: روانکاوی خواب دیدن - قرن 19 م عنوان: تعبیر خواب و بیماریهای روانی؛ نویسنده: زیگموند فروید؛ مترجم: ایرج پورباقر؛ تهران، نشر آسیا، 1342؛ در 462 ص ؛ چاپ پنجم 1378؛ چاپ هتم 1382؛ شابک: 9649067981؛ عنوان: تفسیر خواب؛ نویسنده: زیگموند فروید؛ مترجم: شیوا رویگردان؛ تهران، نشر مرکز، 1382؛ در 885 ص شابک: 9643056732؛ چاپ دوم 1383؛ چاپ سوم 1384؛ پنجم 1386؛ ششم 1387؛ هفتم و هشتم 1388؛ نهم و دهم 1389؛ چاپ پانزدهم 1393؛ شابک: 9789643056735؛ عنوان: تفسیر خواب؛ نویسنده: زیگموند فروید؛ مترجم: احسان لامع؛ تهران، پارسه، 1393؛ در 436 ص ؛ شابک: 9786002531810؛ عنوان: تفسیر خواب؛ نویسنده: زیگموند فروید؛ مترجم: عفت السادات حق گو؛ تهران، شباهنگ، 1394؛ در 567 ص ؛ شابک: 9786001301100؛ بیش‌از یک‌ سده پیش از امروز، فروید، با نوشتن همین‌ کتاب، برای تفسیر خواب و رؤیا، که پیش‌ از آن موضوع حدس و گمان‌های عوامانه و سطحی بود، پایه و اسلوبی‌علمی، و نظام‌مند، فراهم‌ کرد، و گامی‌ بزرگ در زمینه‌ ی جست‌جوی علمی در ذهن انسانی، و فهم پدیده‌ ها، و مسائل ذهنی، برداشت. با این‌ حال در آغاز کتاب، پیش‌ از ارائه‌ ی نظریه‌ ی خویش، یعنی تلقّی خواب‌ دیدن، به‌ منزله‌ ی تحقّق آرزو، سابقه‌ ی تحلیل علمی رؤیاها را، به‌ تفصیل بررسی‌ کرد، که آن‌ نیز نمونه‌ ای از کار دقیق پژوهش‌گرانه، و ارج‌شناسی تلاش‌های دیگران، به‌ شمار می‌آید. فروید خواب‌ها را «بزرگراهی به‌ درون ناخودآگاه» می‌دانست، و عالمان پس‌ از او نیز، همچون‌ خود او، از این‌ بزرگراه، برای راه‌ یافتن به‌ جهان پیچیده‌ ی ذهن انسانی، بهره‌ های بسیار بردند. روان‌کاوی و روان‌ درمانی امروز، بی‌تردید به‌ کار پیشاهنگ و پیشتاز فروید؛ بسیار وامدار است. ا. شربیانی

  4. 5 out of 5

    Glenn Russell

    I enjoyed reading Freud’s book. When he speaks about dreams and their interpretation, I am reminded of a microfiction I had published years ago where the editor told me it was the weirdest story he has ever read and that a Freudian psychoanalyst would have a field day interpreting. Here it is below. If anyone would care to offer an interpretation according to Freud or any other school of psychoanalysis, I'm sure you could have some fun. The Roof Dancer Sidney and Sam, identical twins, crackerjack I enjoyed reading Freud’s book. When he speaks about dreams and their interpretation, I am reminded of a microfiction I had published years ago where the editor told me it was the weirdest story he has ever read and that a Freudian psychoanalyst would have a field day interpreting. Here it is below. If anyone would care to offer an interpretation according to Freud or any other school of psychoanalysis, I'm sure you could have some fun. The Roof Dancer Sidney and Sam, identical twins, crackerjack roofers, started work up on a roof one sultry July morning when Sam tripped on a piece of tar at the roof’s peak and slid down head first. He would have plunged straight to the ground if Sidney hadn’t reached over at the last moment and snatched him by his boots. Hanging over the side upside-down, Sam had a view through a second floor bedroom window. The lady of the house was completely naked. Her ample rear end was bobbing and swinging to a polka playing on an enormous ancient phonograph. Sidney yanked Sam back up to the roof but Sam became so excited in the process, he ejaculated his semen seed. By the time the seed popped out of the bottom of his dungarees, rolled off the roof and landed in the yard, it was the size of a cantaloupe. From all corners of the yard kids skipped over and began frolicking with the seed. Its round contour grew to the size of a watermelon in their hands. Sam stared down at the kids. He began a high-step gleeful dance, part mazurka, part gavotte, part rumba, part hornpipe right there on the roof, bottom to top, edge to edge, twirling like some enchanted wood nymph, his pot belly jiggling in pure ecstasy. It wasn’t long before the man of the house, a bald, mustachioed Mr. Verea, made his way up the ladder. “What’s all this racket I’m hearing?” he asked, scanning the roof. Sam pirouetted daintily at the peak, doffing his baseball cap. Mr. Verea grabbed Sidney by the suspenders and yelled, “Do you guys think I hired you to put a new roof on my house or perform ballet?” “Yes, sir, right away, sir,” Sidney stammered, beads of sweat pouring off his forehead and bulbous nose. Mr. Vera pushed Sidney rudely. “Now, I say, do it now!” Sidney wobbled backwards, nearly toppling over the edge but regained his balance and shoved Mr. Verea back. A rapid-fire shoving match ensued along the entire length of the roof. At the same time Sam fluttered down on tiptoe, scooped up an armful of shingles and started putting them in place. A fully-dressed Mrs. Verea made her appearance at the head of the ladder. “Get back down here,” she railed at her husband. “Let those men finish their work.” “Nobody is going to push me on my own roof,” he replied. “I say come down,” insisted Mrs. Verea. “Come down yourself,” said Mr. Verea. Stepping up from the ladder to the roof Mrs. Verea kicked her husband in the pants. He stopped shoving Sidney, turned around and started shoving her, whereupon she too started shoving him furiously. Sidney fanned himself with his baseball cap and looked over at his brother – just now, between acrobatic leaps of a saltarello, Sam placed the last of the shingles on the tar. As if he were at the court of Louis XIV, Sidney curtsied gracefully, then pointed to the ladder before climbing down himself. Sam followed, hips swinging but fell between the rungs. There was nothing for Sidney to do but guide the ladder, with his brother stuck in it, to the van. The kids approached; they held the distended seed, the shape and length of a garden hose now: translucent with flecks of gold, sparkling, radiating light in their hands. When Sam jiggled and kicked down the driveway, the kids shook the magnificent seed, each shake casting out fine gold dust that turned to streams of water when it touched the earth.

  5. 5 out of 5

    Ahmad Sharabiani

    Über den Traum = On Dreams = The Interpretation of Dreams, Sigmund Freud عنوان: رویا؛ نویسنده: زیگموند فروید؛ مترجم: محمد حجازی؛ تهران، بنگاه مطبوعاتی صفیعیلیشاه؛ 1332، در 100 ص؛ چاپ دوم: ابن سینا، 1335 هجری چاپ دیگر: تهران، دادار، 1380، در 80 ص؛ موضوع: روانکاوی رویا - قرن 20 م یکی از دغدغه ها و فکرها و کنکاشهای علمی زیگموند فروید ضمیر ناخودآگاه و خواب و رویاست....؛ او معتقد بود انسان برای سبک شدن از عقده های روحی به خواب پناه میبرد. زیگموند فروید در کنکاش خود در باره ی خلسه و خواب موقت به نتایج Über den Traum = On Dreams = The Interpretation of Dreams, Sigmund Freud عنوان: رویا؛ نویسنده: زیگموند فروید؛ مترجم: محمد حجازی؛ تهران، بنگاه مطبوعاتی صفیعیلیشاه؛ 1332، در 100 ص؛ چاپ دوم: ابن سینا، 1335 هجری چاپ دیگر: تهران، دادار، 1380، در 80 ص؛ موضوع: روانکاوی رویا - قرن 20 م یکی از دغدغه ها و فکرها و کنکاشهای علمی زیگموند فروید ضمیر ناخودآگاه و خواب و رویاست....؛ او معتقد بود انسان برای سبک شدن از عقده های روحی به خواب پناه میبرد. زیگموند فروید در کنکاش خود در باره ی خلسه و خواب موقت به نتایج قابل تاملی رسید؛ و حتی به تفسیر خواب نیز پرداخت. این کتاب با ترجمه محمد حجازی در دهه سی قرن بیستم منتشر شده است ا. شربیانی

  6. 5 out of 5

    Trevor

    This was a much more interesting book than I thought it might be. The nature of dreams is something that is hard not to find fascinating. The thing is that we spend quite a bit of time dreaming – not the third of our lives we spend sleeping, but enough time to make us wonder why we dream at all. It seems incomprehensible that our dreams would be completely meaningless. But then, they can be so bizarre it is hard to know just what they might mean. Freud starts with a quick run through how dreams This was a much more interesting book than I thought it might be. The nature of dreams is something that is hard not to find fascinating. The thing is that we spend quite a bit of time dreaming – not the third of our lives we spend sleeping, but enough time to make us wonder why we dream at all. It seems incomprehensible that our dreams would be completely meaningless. But then, they can be so bizarre it is hard to know just what they might mean. Freud starts with a quick run through how dreams have been interpreted in the past – from Aristotle on. Aristotle is a good place to start, as he says we dream about things that have been left unresolved from the day – and this is a core idea that Freud also includes in his theory of dreams. Essentially, Freud sees dreams as playing a key role in helping us to process stuff that happened during the day. But dreams are a truth that likes to hide. Their meaning covers itself in remarkable allusions and images that are often amusingly apt, but sometimes it is as if we are determined to hide the true meaning of our dreams even from ourselves. Freud makes it clear that this will not be a book of off-the-shelf interpretations – ‘oh, you dreamt of a lion last night, that means you should have been born Leo and spent time chasing gazelle’. To Freud it is impossible to understand and interpret dreams from a list of standard symbols. This doesn’t mean that if you are going to interpret dreams you don’t have to know a lot about symbols and their common meanings – but this knowledge is never enough. Symbols develop their own meanings within the text that is the dream. Just as in Blake’s The Sick Rose the rose can be read to mean anything from nature, to the Christian Church, to female genitalia, so in dreams the interpretation is meaningful within the context of the dream and to the life of the dreamer. And the dream is relevant to the immediate life of the dreamer. It is generally a response to what happened that day – even if the imagery used may well refer back to the childhood of the dreamer so that the deeper significance is a life's work. The other remarkable conclusion Freud draws is that dreams are wish fulfilments. Now, this seems anything but obvious. Sure, when we have dreams we are having sex with super-models it is pretty obvious that Freud is onto something. But these aren’t the only dreams he sees as being wish fulfilments. Even dreams where loved ones die are seen by Freud as being fundamentally the realisations of wishes – but again, the dream isn’t always as easy to interpret as it might initially seem and the wish may not be as easy to understand as might be immediately apparent from what happens in the dream. The fact we wake screaming and shaking from a dream may not mean there is no wish involved in the thing that terrifies us – although, I would have to say I don’t think he dealt with nightmares nearly as well as he ought to have. It is here that Freud discusses the Oedipal Complex – how our first sexual attraction is toward the parent of the opposite sex to ourselves and therefore we desire to remove one parent from the scene so as to take their place. While we are children the full implications of this desire are obscure to us – but as we grow older the taboo associated with this desire helps suppress our recognition of these desires, or repress them, rather – but only from the conscious mind. The subconscious mind still remembers what we might prefer to forget and so uses these images, as the first images of our awakening desires, as potent images in our dreams. The meaning of the image may not be anything like that we want to kill our father and have sex with our mother – it might actually refer to an awakening of sexual interest in someone else we have only recently meet – but the dream uses this ‘primal’ image as something to help it make sense of our current world and desires, even if the image then goes on to confuse the hell out of us. Time for a story. I once worked with a woman called Frances Nolan. She was really lovely, one of the nicest people I’ve ever worked with, but I didn’t really fancy her. I mean, she was pretty and incredibly nice, but she was quite a bit younger than me and I just wasn’t really all that interested in her in that way. But every morning I would be walking to the train station and when I got to a certain part of Church Street she would suddenly jump into my head as large as life. I was starting to think that I must have been starting to fall for her – it was the strangest feeling, and quite confusing. Until one day I realised that there is a shoe shop in Church Street that is called Frances Nolan Shoes – and the sign is huge and I would walk under it every day. I really struggle to believe I didn’t consciously notice this sign in all the time I had walked up that street and imagined I was falling for poor Frances. This book is interesting as I had assumed it would be a much harder read than it turned out to be – I also thought it would be a much sillier book than it turned out too. It is extremely well written. I don’t think I agree entirely with Freud, but he makes a very strong case. My main problems with his theory have to do with Sherlock Holmes. Because that’s what a lot of this sounded like to me. Someone has a dream and Freud does the whole ‘Elementary, my dear Watson’ thing. It even gets to the stage where he says that sometimes things mean the opposite of what they seem to mean in the dream. When that is the case then any interpretation is basically about imposing ones preconceptions on the meaning of the symbols in the dream. I tend to think that dreams probably don’t mean nearly as much as we like to think they do – but what they do do is throw up lots of random images, images which we try to make sense of and it is that ‘making of sense’ that says interesting things about us. And whether it is dream images or tarot cards or ink dots on paper – our making sense of random images says interesting things about us. But we should go gently into this stuff. We should go on tip-toes. Because stories have lives of their own and we are weaker than a good story and always will be. I once read a book called Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain. I think in that book she says that lines have a momentum that is very hard to control – but controlling the momentum of lines is a large part of what drawing is about. Stories also have a momentum that is very hard to control. The narratives we tell about ourselves are one thing – the narrative we tell about our dreams are quite another. Personally, I think I prefer Freudian readings of novels to Freudian readings of people – but I can certainly see why this book made such an impact. If the problem with the book is Freud playing Holmes, it is only a problem because he is so damn clever he gets away with it. I’m surprised I’m going to do this – I would never have thought I would have when I started reading - but I think I would recommend this book. It is a fascinating read, even if it has left me somewhat less than convinced.

  7. 5 out of 5

    لونا

    لست من الأشخاص المهووسين بتفسير أحلامهم، لطالما كان الحلم بالنسبة لي مجرد ظاهرة نفسية صحيَّة وكفى، ولا تستدعي مني الوقوف عندها، ولهذا قرأت هذا كتاب بنيَّة "للعلم فقط بمحتواه" نظراً لشهرته، لكني بعد أن انتهيت منه اعترف أني استمتعت كثيراً بمحتواه التي ترك أثراً في نفسي على عكس مما توقعت تماماً هذا الكتاب يعتبر أشهر ما كتب "سيجموند فرويد" الذي قال عن كتابه :- ( إنه يحوي أثمن الكشوف التي شاء حسن الطالع أن تكون من نصيبي؛ فمثل هذا الحدس لا يأتي العمر مرتين) .. يستهل "فرويد" كتابه بذكر نظريات الأحلام لست من الأشخاص المهووسين بتفسير أحلامهم، لطالما كان الحلم بالنسبة لي مجرد ظاهرة نفسية صحيَّة وكفى، ولا تستدعي مني الوقوف عندها، ولهذا قرأت هذا كتاب بنيَّة "للعلم فقط بمحتواه" نظراً لشهرته، لكني بعد أن انتهيت منه اعترف أني استمتعت كثيراً بمحتواه التي ترك أثراً في نفسي على عكس مما توقعت تماماً هذا الكتاب يعتبر أشهر ما كتب "سيجموند فرويد" الذي قال عن كتابه :- ( إنه يحوي أثمن الكشوف التي شاء حسن الطالع أن تكون من نصيبي؛ فمثل هذا الحدس لا يأتي العمر مرتين) .. يستهل "فرويد" كتابه بذكر نظريات الأحلام والملخص الذي خرجت به هو أن الحلم أشبه بفترة جنون مؤقتة يعيشها الإنسان، ويفعل بها ما يريد لأن الرقابة وملكة النقد الحاضرتان في اليقظة معدومتان في الحلم .. .. وأن الحلم إما أن يكون مصدره حسي من خارج أو داخل الجسم، أو مصدر عضوي باطني ، أو آثار نفسية خالصة .. ..وأن الحلم قد يكون نبوءة وكشف للمستقبل .. .. يُطيل "فرويد" في المقدمة ليكون القارئ على علم بالنظريات المطروحة وليستعد لطرحه الجديد والمختلف كلياً يقول "فرويد" أن الأحلام ليست بالتفاهة التي نعتقد ولا تشتغل بتوافه الأمور ومهما كان الحلم بريئاً فإنه عكس ذلك تماماً لو تجشم المرء عناء تحليله الأحلام تنشأ من "منطقة اللاشعور" وتخضع لعملية تكثيف مركزة .. .. ولهذا لمعرفة اللاشعور في الحياة النفسية للأشخاص فإن تفسير الأحلام يعتبر أحد الطرق الفعَّالة الحلم تحقيق "لرغبة مكبوته" غالباً من مرحلة الطفولة، ولكنه لا يكون حلم صريح، بل غالباً ما يشوبها التشويه أما سبب هذا التشويه هو "الرقابة" .. نعم الرقابة التي قال من سبقه من العلماء أنها غير موجودة فإن "فرويد" يقول هي سبب التشويه الذي يحدث لأحلامنا .. .. فالرقابة لا تختفي أثناء النوم بل تقل حدَّتها وعندما نستيقظ فإنها تستعيد قوتها وهو السبب الرئيسي لنسيان أغلب أحلامنا ومادة الحلم التصويرية (التي تتحول بها الأفكار إلى صور) أساسها المشاهد الثانوية التافه التي لا تلفت انتباهنا أثناء يقظتنا وليست الأحداث الجوهرية، ومرحلة الطفولة إحدى المصادر الرئيسية لمادة الحلم التي يحدث لها تشويه كبير ولا تأتي صريحة كما قلنا سابقاً بسبب الرقابة التي تصل إلى حدود اللعب بالألفاظ والجناس اللغوي والمعنوي المتقن والرمزية العالية .. .. ولتفسير الحلم فإن أحداث اليوم السابق لها أهمية كبيرة فالحلم يستغل هذه الأحداث ليلمح للرغبات التي أغلبها تعتمد على خبرات الطفولة أما بالنسبة لكون الأحلام أساسها مصدر تنبيهي جسدي أحيانا فيقول "فرويد" عكس ذلك .. .. فيمكن استغلال المنبهات الجسدية فقط إذا كانت تخدم الحلم في تحقيق الرغبة .. .. ويعرض هنا ظاهرة وجدتها غريبة جداً وهي "ظاهرة المراجعة الثانوية" التي يشرح فيها ن بعض الأحلام جاهزة في منطقة اللاشعور وتنتظر فقط المنبه الخارجي لتنطلق (مثل أن يحلم شخص بالإعدام بقطع رأسه بالمقصلة وعندما يستيقظ يجد لوحاً من السرير سقط على رقبته) فسقوط اللوح استغله الحلم للخروج، وخاصية التكثيف الشديد التي يتميز بها الحلم هي سبب عدم إدراكنا لهذه الظاهرة أما كون الأحلام نبؤه للمستقبل فهو شيء لا يوافق عليه "فرويد" ويقول إن الأحلام تحيطنا علماً بالماضي، فالحلم فرع من الماضي بكل معنى من المعاني .. .. ويسلك بنا جهة المستقبل فقط بكونه عمل على تحقيق رغبات مكبوتة يفرد "فرويد" جزءاً كبيراً في الكتاب بالأساس الجنسي لأغلب الأحلام بكونها أكثر الرغبات المكبوتة (كلما زاد المرء اشتغالا بحل مشكلة الأحلام زاد استعداده للتسليم بأن غالبية أحلام الراشدين تعالج مادة جنسية وتعرب عن رغبات عشقيه .......... فواجبنا عند تفسير الحلم ألا ننسى أبداً هذه القيمة " فما من غريزة لاقت منذ الطفولة مثل الكبت الذي لاقته الغريزة الجنسية") .. عيب الكتاب كثرة الهوامش التوضيحية أسفل الصفحات كانت مزعجه جداً بالنسبة لي (خصوصاً أني مُبتليَّه بقراءة نسخة إلكترونية) فأنا من الأشخاص الذين يتشتت انتباههم بكثرة الهوامش على الرغم من هدفها التوضيحي، فكان تجاهل أغلبها الحل الأنسب لي كتاب دسِم (بكل ما تحمله الكلمة من معنى) .. .. انصح بقراءته على دفعات لغير المختصين فكل خلية عصبية في الدماغ سوف تستنفر أثناء القراءة .. .. ولمن يريد أخذ فكره مختصره عن الكتاب دون الغوص فيه يمكنه قراءة النسخة المختصرة التي ترجمها الدكتور نظمي لوقا في 192 صفحة (لم أقرأها للأمانة) عوضاً عن 662 صفحة.. ..ولكني أنصح بخوض تجربة قراءة هذا الكتاب كاملاً .. .. أيضاً الترجمة كانت متقنة "لدرجة الإزعاج" بالنسبة لي، وساهمت في زيادة الكتاب "دسامةً" .. .. كان من الممكن أن تكون أقل شدَّة، لكن ربما ثِقل الكتاب يستوجب هذا الإتقان ملاحظة أخيرة: "فرويد" يقوم بتفسير ( الأصح "تحليل") الأحلام ضمن جلسات طويلة جداً يبدل فيها مجهود كبير ليصل لنتيجة وهو المتَّضح من خلال قراءة هذا الكتاب .. .. لكم أتمنى أن أرى ردة فعلة على من يقومون بتفسير الأحلام من خلال مكالمة هاتفية لا تتجاوز الدقائق

  8. 4 out of 5

    Warwick

    I dreamt that I had written a huge modern rewrite of Moby-Dick, except instead of a whale they were hunting a badger. It was full of gothic scenes of Ahab staring moodily into some light woodland, reminiscing about how the white beast had bitten his foot once, and how he would ultimately ‘earth the hated brock in his dank and stinking sett, and finish him utterly’. Instead of the Pequod, Ahab and the narrator cycled through the forest on a tandem bicycle, studying tracks and peering through the I dreamt that I had written a huge modern rewrite of Moby-Dick, except instead of a whale they were hunting a badger. It was full of gothic scenes of Ahab staring moodily into some light woodland, reminiscing about how the white beast had bitten his foot once, and how he would ultimately ‘earth the hated brock in his dank and stinking sett, and finish him utterly’. Instead of the Pequod, Ahab and the narrator cycled through the forest on a tandem bicycle, studying tracks and peering through the shrubs. Every now and then, one of them would point through the branches and shout, ‘Lo! The white badger!’, and they would pedal off. In my mind this was a serious literary project. Unfortunately I have never finished Moby-Dick, and so the book just devolved into chapters full of interminable facts about badger biology, lifestyle and cultural history, and the foundational role they play in the mythology of countless woodland societies (which is not true). I remember copying out a quote from King Lear where someone is said to be ‘like unto the brindl'd baddger’, but sadly upon waking I have discovered that this line does not exist. On the other hand, I also remember repeatedly using the adjective ‘meline’ which does, in fact, exist and is not a word I knew that I knew. If anyone can interpret this for me, I am all ears. In the meantime, if you'll excuse me I now have 200,000 words to write about badger-hunting.

  9. 5 out of 5

    Samar

    - ينظر فرويد للأحلام على أنها أمور قد جرت في طفولتنا أو رغبات لم يعرها شعورنا اهتماماً في النهار السابق لتظهر لنا حلماً يجمع في داخله أمور عدة قد لا تتصل بعضها ببعض وقد تشير في تحليلها إلى أكثر من استنتاج ومن منطلق بسيط يصف لنا فكرة الحلم من أساطير القرون السابقة حتى الإستنتاج الحقيقي له ليدخل بنا في عوالم عدة منها : نسيان الحلم و تشوه صورته و إيقاضه لنا أيضاً في سبيل تحقيق الرغبة اللاشعورية التي تُكبح فينا

  10. 4 out of 5

    Rebecca McNutt

    Is it just me, or was ol' Mr. Freud the biggest perv in the world of psychology? Don't get me wrong, this is an interesting read from a historical perspective, but it's so difficult to take seriously! It's also very dated and seems to follow the average family of the time, without taking into account anyone who doesn't fit into what was "proper" back then.

  11. 5 out of 5

    Owlseyes

    A major book (of 1900) as one of the possible approaches to the world of dreams. Freud starts with Aristotle (and the demoniac view); then, the (biblical) approach viewing dreams as "Divine inspiration". Next, he proceeds with a very exhaustive sample of dreams of his own, of historical characters (Napoleon I, Xerxes....) or from his patients (or friends) to illustrate/prove his point: dreams are the fulfillment of (unconscious) desires; though "absurd" they may look, they are meaningful, t A major book (of 1900) as one of the possible approaches to the world of dreams. Freud starts with Aristotle (and the demoniac view); then, the (biblical) approach viewing dreams as "Divine inspiration". Next, he proceeds with a very exhaustive sample of dreams of his own, of historical characters (Napoleon I, Xerxes....) or from his patients (or friends) to illustrate/prove his point: dreams are the fulfillment of (unconscious) desires; though "absurd" they may look, they are meaningful, they can be interpreted. This absurdity is due to unconscious mechanisms which disguise the true meaning of the dream, namely, via "displacement" and "condensation". Our language is also an obstacle: due to its inaccuracy.Yet language is paramount for the interpretation démarche. And Freud was good at it. (Tom Paine's nightly pest) It's a pity he ends the last paragraph* of the book considering the value of dreams regarding the future (should have written: prophetic aspect) concluding: "that we cannot consider". Curiously, he took some lines on this woman telling his mother about how a "great man" he would become; he speculated about a "minister"... . ('The Interpretation of Dreams' by Rod Moss) The fact is that this "wish-fulfillment" approach proved not to be totally true. With the great war (1914-1918), Freud had patients/soldiers who suffered from recurrent dreams /war-traumas...and he concluded later on, that these types of dreams [nightmares!] had no relation to the Eros impulse, rather to Thanatos: a destructive force/drive operating within the psyche. So he made some changes on his model of the psyche. (Hypnos and Thanatos: Sleep and His Half-Brother Death, by John William Waterhouse, 1874) Today [15th of June] I was listening to someone** speaking about dreams of the "USA in flames...and riots in the streets". Those dreams happened to people before the 2012 Obama election. They perceived a link between the re-election and the feared "upcoming events". Surely, those were dreams of the future; no pleasure-principle operating. I'm glad they didn't "materialize". UPDATE :I would be glad to hear of any help (interpretation) on Chief Golden Light Eagle's dream about Obama: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sywLXE... *"And how about the value of the dream for a knowledge of the future? That,of course we cannot consider. One feels inclined to substitute:”for a knowledge of the past”. For the dream originates from the past in every sense. To be sure the ancient belief that the dream reveals the future is not entirely devoid of truth. By representing a wish as fulfilled the dream leads us into the future; BUT THIS FUTURE, TAKEN BY THE DREAMER AS PRESENT,HAS BEEN FORMED INTO THE LIKENESS OF THAT PAST BY INDESTRUCTIBLE WISH”. **http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zZSJ7...

  12. 5 out of 5

    Gada

    مبدئياً الكتاب نسخه ملخصه و مختصره ... سهل للقارئ غير المتخصص... ربما أرجع للنسخه الكامله لاحقاً بالنسبه ليا الكتاب ما أضافش كتير ...معظم أفكاره معروفه و بعضها بديهي فيها يلي ملخص لبعض ما ورد في الكتاب ليه بننسى معظم الأحلام بعد ما نصحى؟؟ لأن العقل الواعي مش عاوزنا نفتكرها, محتاجين فرويد علشان يطلعه من العقل الباطن :) ليه أوقات إحساسنا في الحلم بيكون متناقض مع أحداث الحلم (يعني نشوف حادثه أو حد بيموت و منهتمش أو حتى نفرح و العكس, إن شيء تافه يفزعنا أو يفرحنا بدون سبب منطقي)...؟؟ لأن المعنى الحقيقي للح مبدئياً الكتاب نسخه ملخصه و مختصره ... سهل للقارئ غير المتخصص... ربما أرجع للنسخه الكامله لاحقاً بالنسبه ليا الكتاب ما أضافش كتير ...معظم أفكاره معروفه و بعضها بديهي فيها يلي ملخص لبعض ما ورد في الكتاب ليه بننسى معظم الأحلام بعد ما نصحى؟؟ لأن العقل الواعي مش عاوزنا نفتكرها, محتاجين فرويد علشان يطلعه من العقل الباطن :) ليه أوقات إحساسنا في الحلم بيكون متناقض مع أحداث الحلم (يعني نشوف حادثه أو حد بيموت و منهتمش أو حتى نفرح و العكس, إن شيء تافه يفزعنا أو يفرحنا بدون سبب منطقي)...؟؟ لأن المعنى الحقيقي للحلم مستخبي ورا الإحساس مش الأحداث... في مثال في الكتاب بيتكلم عن واحده شافت في الحلم جنازة إبن أختها و كان شيء عادي ما أثرش فيها أبداً -في الحلم- لكن فرويد بذكائه و تحليله اكتشف إن الجنازه دي كان الهدف منها إنها تشوف حبيب قديم صعب تشوفه غير في مناسبه مهمه :) و قيسوا على كده هل الواحد لما بيحلم إنه بيموت حد أو يتمنى موت حد بيكون قصده كده فعلاً؟؟ الإجابه: نعم أحياناً الواحد يكون متضايق من أبوه مثلاً في وقت من الأوقات و حاسس إنه عقبه في طريق سعادته, العقل الواعي يكبت هذا الإحساس لمده طويله و مش بيلاقي متنفس غير في الحلم ليه أوقات كتير الحلم بيكون غريب جداً و مش منطقي؟ لدينا في الحلم قطبان... أولهما الرغبه التي يريد النائم أن يحققها, و القطب الثاني هو الرقابه التي تحول دون تحقيق الرغبه إذا لم تحز رضاها... و الرغبه تنبع من اللاشعور, فهي مثل حرس الحدود الذي يمنع غير المرغوب فيهم من الدخول, و على غير المرغوب فيهم في هذه الحاله أن يتنكروا في أشكال و أزياء غريبه كي يفلتوا من الرقابه... و هذا هو السبب في الإلتواء و التنكر أو التشويه الذي يصيب بعض صور الحلم فيسبب لنا ذلك عجزاً عن الفهم و آلاماً أو خوفاً بناء على تجربة فرويد الشخصيه... الحلم له صله دائماً بأحداث اليوم السابق على الحلم العقل الباطن يستوعب ملايين المعلومات في الثانيه الواحده في حين أن الواعي يستوعب 7+/- معلومه فقط الفرق بين الإثنين بيطلع في الأحلام يعني لو حد حلم إنه شاف شيء ما في مكان ما و لما راح المكان ده لقى الشيء السالف ذكره زي ما شافه في الحلم ...ده معناه إنه كان شافه في المكان ده فعلاً لكن عقله الواعي كان مشغول بحاجه تانيه... و طلع في الحلم علشان الواحد كان عاوز الحاجه دي مثلاً مش معناه الواحد بقى -شيخ- وبينجم يعني نقطتين أخيرتين أختلف معاه فيهم شويتين

  13. 4 out of 5

    Dimitri

    Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud is filled with Freud’s theories about the connections between dreams and real life that he has discovered through his research. Freud covers everything from the content within dreams to the strategies needed to interpret them, as well as diving in to the finer aspects such as memory in dreams and connections to everyday life. Freud often quotes the extensive research that has already been done in the field of the analysis of dreams but points out that al Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud is filled with Freud’s theories about the connections between dreams and real life that he has discovered through his research. Freud covers everything from the content within dreams to the strategies needed to interpret them, as well as diving in to the finer aspects such as memory in dreams and connections to everyday life. Freud often quotes the extensive research that has already been done in the field of the analysis of dreams but points out that all of the work so far has been inconclusive and in essence raised more questions than it answered. In this work Freud does his best to definitively answer the questions that we still had about interpreting our dreams. I thought that this book was really fascinating because it answered many of my research questions about the way our subconscious mind is connected to the events of our everyday lives and our memories. The most interesting part to me was the chapter entitled “Memory in Dreams” because he answered so many questions about different obscurities that appear not to be connected to any singular event. He pointed out that people often have dreams about some finite detail that they would never have expected to remember. This passage was so striking because he answered some of my questions about whether our subconscious thoughts are connected to our everyday life. It also made me realize how powerful our mind is and the fact that we actually pick up so many details in everyday life that we might toss away as insignificant but arise in our dreams.

  14. 5 out of 5

    Alexia

    Written with scientific denseness, but lacks scientific rigor or clarity. Can be tedious, vague and confusing. Freud will say he's going to do something (like not use personal examples) only to forget he said that and do it anyway. Or he'll acknowledge the flaw with his approach and then do nothing to correct it (which is better than not admitting it, I guess). For example, he uses his patients, "neurotics", for analysis and comments on how how that makes his conclusions not drawn from a represe Written with scientific denseness, but lacks scientific rigor or clarity. Can be tedious, vague and confusing. Freud will say he's going to do something (like not use personal examples) only to forget he said that and do it anyway. Or he'll acknowledge the flaw with his approach and then do nothing to correct it (which is better than not admitting it, I guess). For example, he uses his patients, "neurotics", for analysis and comments on how how that makes his conclusions not drawn from a representative sample. But that comment is where it stops, there's no correction or real analysis on how that impacted his conclusions. Or he'll start out with a clear sentence and then explain it until it descends into an illogical jumble. Or he'll refer to something not obvious as something obvious. Or he'll say there's numerous instances of something and then not list them. I could go on. He gives too many examples, belabors the points he does end up making, references confusing German word play... I'm not going to make the same mistake as Frued. I'm going to stop talking once my point is made. And I think it's made.

  15. 5 out of 5

    Jana

    This was one of those books I tried to read on my own back as a young college student. It wasn't a part of any coursework, so I didn't have anyone to help tie it to larger ideas. If I remember, I think I ended up making my own wacky meaning out of it... which was some sort of Jungian collective UNCS thing or another. But then I re-read it in grad school in the context of Freud's other work and it began to make a bit more sense. I liked his hypothetical "primal language" because it suggests the e This was one of those books I tried to read on my own back as a young college student. It wasn't a part of any coursework, so I didn't have anyone to help tie it to larger ideas. If I remember, I think I ended up making my own wacky meaning out of it... which was some sort of Jungian collective UNCS thing or another. But then I re-read it in grad school in the context of Freud's other work and it began to make a bit more sense. I liked his hypothetical "primal language" because it suggests the existence of symbols as independent of verbal language, which as a visual artist is a notion I'm deeply invested in. This "language" is not then something that is "used" in dreams as a translation from CSNESS, but rather its own more subtle and fluid independent organization of meaning. The "language" is non-linear and non-chronological. When I think about this idea, I'm reminded of Rapael's Transfiguration: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transfig... This is one of those pieces where the artist is able to represent (in images one above the other) simultaneous occurrences which can only be read in the original text as one after the other (and then reflected upon as simultaneous). This play with time is something I like to do in my own work, especially in pulling stills from time-based media so the viewer can enter the work at will rather than be held captive by it (as in, watching a sequence from beginning to end). Internet media satisfy a similar urge.

  16. 4 out of 5

    SmarterLilac

    This is one of the books that helped me understand Freud's genius, as well as the value of psychoanalysis. It hurts me so that fewer and fewer people want to understand or appreciate Freud. Yes, I realize that the Freudian perspective, especially on things like dream interpretation, has limited value in non-Western cultures, and that for some, dream interpretation itself may not be the most insightful way to understand the subconscious. Still--come on. This book changed Europe, and the course of This is one of the books that helped me understand Freud's genius, as well as the value of psychoanalysis. It hurts me so that fewer and fewer people want to understand or appreciate Freud. Yes, I realize that the Freudian perspective, especially on things like dream interpretation, has limited value in non-Western cultures, and that for some, dream interpretation itself may not be the most insightful way to understand the subconscious. Still--come on. This book changed Europe, and the course of history, as well as humankind's awareness of our inner lives. I love it.

  17. 5 out of 5

    Nicholas Spies

    Whatever you think of Sigmund Freud's theories, you have to admit that (at least in English translation) he is a very good and persuasive writer. That he was a very important influence on the history of the 20th century is an understatement, particularly since his nephew, Edward Bernays, is known as the Inventor of Advertising. Bernays essentially created the consumer culture that has dominated the US and much of the Western world for the last 80 years or so. He did so by changing the basis by wh Whatever you think of Sigmund Freud's theories, you have to admit that (at least in English translation) he is a very good and persuasive writer. That he was a very important influence on the history of the 20th century is an understatement, particularly since his nephew, Edward Bernays, is known as the Inventor of Advertising. Bernays essentially created the consumer culture that has dominated the US and much of the Western world for the last 80 years or so. He did so by changing the basis by which consumers judge products. Before Bernays, products were presented in a factual manner, emphasizing their virtues, dimensions, capacities and whatever, allowing the consumer to make a relatively rational and dispassionate choices between the products of different manufacturers. (This manner of product presentation can be found in Sears & Roebuck catalogs of the 19th century.) Bernays, in constant contact with his uncle, saw an opportunity to apply Freud's ideas of the subconscious origins of behavior and the primacy of sexual desires, to essentially change the customer from the rational decision maker of classical economic theory to a malleable zombie, whose decisions are based on the presentation of products as being sexy or assuring popularity and the like--separating the desirability of products from their actual function. This proved to be so highly effective that it has been adopted by virtually all retail sales, turning customers into consumers. In the process, Bernays used Freud's ideas to hand irrational consumers over to wealthy corporations, whose products were no longer judged on their efficacy but on extraneous irrational presentations. This has become most obvious in television, were what is actually happening is that the viewers are the 'product' being sold by various commercial TV outlets, for a great deal of money paid to the TV outlets by advertising agencies, who are in turn paid highly by manufacturers for the attention given to the persuasive 'messages', which are essentially uninformative propaganda having nothing much to do with the virtues of the products or services being shilled. As Noam Chomsky has pointed out, the work of advertising is to destroy markets, which are defined in classical economics as the meeting place of rational sellers and buyers of products at a price that is mutually agreeable. Bernay's application of his uncles theories to manipulate buyers' decisions, puts the buyers at a considerable disadvantage relative to the sellers, as consumers can no longer compare products on their merits on the one hand, as the products have been imbued with many irrational properties, and the considerable costs of all these deceptions is simply added to the price that the consumer must pay. As products cannot be compared on their actual merits, the competition that occurs in real markets is removed; this not only only retards product improvement by sellers, who no longer compete on the actual efficacy of their products, but it cuts loose the pricing of products from the cost of making them, again because real competition is eliminated, and consumer's decision are, by definition, irrational. To return to Freud's book, although it is fascinating reading it is rather feeble scientifically, a problem always faced by visionary prophets whose predispositions often get in the way of a more dispassionate approach. Although Freud and his 'sex symbols' have long been the butt of public derision, their influence on the mid-20th century cannot be easily dismissed, despite their merit as 'science'.

  18. 5 out of 5

    Shaghayegh.l3

    اگه خواب زياد ميبينيد و راجبشون كنجكاويد اين كتاب جامع و كامل خيلى آگاهتون ميكنه ؛ از مهم بودن جزئيات يه روياى قاطى پاتى تا علت خوابايى كه معمولن بين همه مشتركه مثل برهنه بودن يا مردن يكى از عزيزانتون . وقتى تفسيرهاى فرويد و توضيحات دانشمنداى ديگه رو ميخونيد ديگه اين مزخرفات ِ "اگه خواب كسى رو ميبينى يعنى اون تو فكرته" رو باور نميكنى چون تو ذهنت تمام و كمال تعبيه شده كه خواب ها كاملن شخصين و از اتفاقات روز گذشته (اكثرن) و ناخودآگاه و آرزوهاى سركوب شده نشات ميگيرن . با يك عالمه مثال و تعريف خوابا اگه خواب زياد ميبينيد و راجبشون كنجكاويد اين كتاب جامع و كامل خيلى آگاهتون ميكنه ؛ از مهم بودن جزئيات يه روياى قاطى پاتى تا علت خوابايى كه معمولن بين همه مشتركه مثل برهنه بودن يا مردن يكى از عزيزانتون . وقتى تفسيرهاى فرويد و توضيحات دانشمنداى ديگه رو ميخونيد ديگه اين مزخرفات ِ "اگه خواب كسى رو ميبينى يعنى اون تو فكرته" رو باور نميكنى چون تو ذهنت تمام و كمال تعبيه شده كه خواب ها كاملن شخصين و از اتفاقات روز گذشته (اكثرن) و ناخودآگاه و آرزوهاى سركوب شده نشات ميگيرن . با يك عالمه مثال و تعريف خواباى خودش ، اطرافيان و بيماراش .. درعين حال كه كار شاقى بود، چه لذتى داشت خوندن اين كتاب و گرفتن اطلاعاتش ..

  19. 5 out of 5

    Ameera H. Al-mousa

    قبل الإطلاع على مـأدبة فرويد وحله للغز الذائع الصيت في تفسير الأحلام . لابد من الإشادة عن ما كان يتردد في تقويم وتقدير شعوب العصور الكلاسيكية للأحلام حيث ما هو مسلم به لديهم بأن للأحلام علاقة بعالم الكائنات فوق الإنسانية التي كانوا يؤمنون بوجودها , وأنها – أغني الأحلام – تحمل كواشف من عند الآلهة والجن . كان يدخل في اعتقادهم فوق ذلك أن الحلم يأتي الحالم لمقصد ذي خطر هو في القاعدة الكشف عن الغيب . فيرون في الحلم نتاجاً يصدر عن النفس النائمة بل وحياً من الجانب الإلهى يرسل الى النائم تحيراً له أو تبصي قبل الإطلاع على مـأدبة فرويد وحله للغز الذائع الصيت في تفسير الأحلام . لابد من الإشادة عن ما كان يتردد في تقويم وتقدير شعوب العصور الكلاسيكية للأحلام حيث ما هو مسلم به لديهم بأن للأحلام علاقة بعالم الكائنات فوق الإنسانية التي كانوا يؤمنون بوجودها , وأنها – أغني الأحلام – تحمل كواشف من عند الآلهة والجن . كان يدخل في اعتقادهم فوق ذلك أن الحلم يأتي الحالم لمقصد ذي خطر هو في القاعدة الكشف عن الغيب . فيرون في الحلم نتاجاً يصدر عن النفس النائمة بل وحياً من الجانب الإلهى يرسل الى النائم تحيراً له أو تبصيراً بالمستقبل . فرويد تفطن من بعد ذلك إلى الدافع الأساسي في تكوين الحلم الذي يعنى تحقيق الرغبات , وذلك من تحليله لبعض أحلام مرضاه فوصل في فهمه للعمليات النفسية التى تشكل بناء الحلم إلى مدى بعيد .الأحلام تنشأ لتحقيق رغبة . الكتاب هذه يحتوي على مقدمات لثمانية طبعات , وفي الفصلين الأولى تناول نظرية الحلم للفيلسوف شتروميل وآراء علماء أُخر , يتفقون على أن العلل المزعجة للنوم أي مصادر فعل الحلم قد تتعدد أنواعها وأن المنهبات الحسية والتهيجات الجسمية قد تعمل على السواء عمل الحوافز إلى الحلم وتنصب في تكوين الحلم يجتمعون في حصر منابع الحلم ل1- منبهات حسيه- خارجية 2-منهبات حسية ذاتية 3- منبهات جسمية باطنية عضوية 4- مصادر نفسية خالصة للتنبيه . في الفصول الآخيرة تطرق لعلاقة الأحلام بالهستريا ومرض العصاب واللاشعور والصلة بين رغبات الزنا بالمحارم والرغبات المكبوتة بالحلم ,. هذا المؤلف ضخم وضحل معلوماتياً لنظريقة الحلم وتفسيره ، أنوي اقتناءه ورقيا ل، مرجع غني جداً .

  20. 5 out of 5

    Sheyda Heydari Shovir

    شیش فصل این کتاب رو خوندم و با اینکه یک فصل مونده بود نتونستم خودمو راضی کنم یه فصل دیگه ازین متن وحشتناک رو بخونم. خوندنش طاقتفرساست فکر میکنم ترجمهش خیلی وحشتناک باشه. بعضی جاهای جملهبندیهاش بامزهست اما در این مقیاس تحملش سخته. فکر میکنم با این چیزی که خوندم زیاد نمیتونم در مورد کتاب نظری بدم؛ ولی بطور کلی یکم فروید رو برای من شکست و ازون حالت نابغه درآوارد. یه سری از تفاسیرش از رویاها خیلی سطحی و مشحون بتعمیمها بود که میداد و بیدقت بنظر میومد. بهرحال، نمیتونم بگم حتا کتابو خوندهم با این وضعیتی شیش فصل این کتاب رو خوندم و با اینکه یک فصل مونده بود نتونستم خودمو راضی کنم یه فصل دیگه ازین متن وحشتناک رو بخونم. خوندنش طاقت‌فرساست فکر میکنم ترجمه‌ش خیلی وحشتناک باشه. بعضی جاهای جمله‌بندیهاش بامزه‌ست اما در این مقیاس تحملش سخته. فکر میکنم با این چیزی که خوندم زیاد نمیتونم در مورد کتاب نظری بدم؛ ولی بطور کلی یکم فروید رو برای من شکست و ازون حالت نابغه درآوارد. یه سری از تفاسیرش از رویاها خیلی سطحی و مشحون بتعمیمها بود که میداد و بی‌دقت بنظر میومد. بهرحال، نمیتونم بگم حتا کتابو خونده‌م با این وضعیتی که داشت.

  21. 5 out of 5

    Schaza Askar

    The Interpretation of Dreams stands as a unique and classic work in the history of psychology. Originally published in German under the title ''Die Traumdeutung'' in November of 1899,the book outlines Freud’s belief that dreams are highly symbolic, containing both overt meanings (manifest content) as well as underlying, unconscious thoughts (latent content). Dreams, he suggested, are our unconscious wishes, especially sexual ones, in disguise. Freud's analysis of patients led him to the belief th The Interpretation of Dreams stands as a unique and classic work in the history of psychology. Originally published in German under the title ''Die Traumdeutung'' in November of 1899,the book outlines Freud’s belief that dreams are highly symbolic, containing both overt meanings (manifest content) as well as underlying, unconscious thoughts (latent content). Dreams, he suggested, are our unconscious wishes, especially sexual ones, in disguise. Freud's analysis of patients led him to the belief that neuroses evolved from repressed sexual desires, usually going back to distant childhood. He also discussed Sophocles' play 'Oedipus Rex' (and the 'Electra complex') to support his idea of a universal tendency of a child to be sexually attracted to one parent, and to want to defeat the other - was later termed the 'Oedipus complex'. Dreams, in Freud's view, are all forms of "wish fulfillment" — But Freud wondered, why is the wish so wrapped up in strange symbols and images? Why should it need to avoid the obvious? The answer is that many of our wishes are repressed, and may only have a chance of reaching our consciousness if they are somewhat disguised. A dream could seem like the opposite of what we wished for, because many of our wishes we may be defensive about or wish to cover up, so the only way a dream can make an issue known is by raising it in its opposite sense. With dreams, if our psyche wants to give us a message, by showing it plainly , or by dressing it up as something else. The reason why we so easily forget dreams is that the conscious self wants to reduce the impact of the unconscious upon its waking life. It is no surprise that as the day proceeds we are more and more likely to forget what we dreamt. One of Freud's key points is that dreams are always self-centered. "The wishes fulfilled in them", he writes, "are invariably this self's wishes". When other people appear in a dream, often they are merely symbols of ourselves or symbolized what another person means to us. It is one of Freud’s most important works!!

  22. 5 out of 5

    Andrei Tamaş

    Eu sunt adesea cuprins de visuri (şi mai puţin de vise) şi poate de aceea nu am putut înţelege decât exemplele concrete date de Freud în această sumară ediţie (scrisă de autor, nu de vreo publicaţie) a "Interpretării viselor"... "Este interesant de remarcat însă că are dreptate credinţa populară că visul vesteşte viitorul. În realitate, viitorul pe care ni-l arată visul nu este cel care se va realiza, ci cel care ne-ar plăcea să se realizeze. Mintea poporului procedează aici aşa cum este obişnuit Eu sunt adesea cuprins de visuri (şi mai puţin de vise) şi poate de aceea nu am putut înţelege decât exemplele concrete date de Freud în această sumară ediţie (scrisă de autor, nu de vreo publicaţie) a "Interpretării viselor"... "Este interesant de remarcat însă că are dreptate credinţa populară că visul vesteşte viitorul. În realitate, viitorul pe care ni-l arată visul nu este cel care se va realiza, ci cel care ne-ar plăcea să se realizeze. Mintea poporului procedează aici aşa cum este obişnuită şi altminteri: crede ce îşi doreşte." Excerptând un pasaj care, dacă-mi aduc bine aminte, era la un moment dat viral pe internet (sau poate l-am citit eu altundeva): "O fată visează că îl vede pe copilul acum unic al surorii ei mort în faţa ei în acelaşi loc în care a văzut, cu câţiva ani în urmă, cadavrul primului copil. Nu simte nicio durere, dar se împotriveşte desigur ideii că această sitatie ar corespunde unei dorinţe a ei. Nici nu se pretinde aşa ceva; însă la coşciugul acelui copil ea l-a văzut pentru ultima oară cu ani în urmă pe bărbatul pe care-l iubeşte şi a vorbit cu el; dacă ar muri al doilea copil, ea l-ar întâlni desigur din nou pe acel bărbat în casa surorii. Tânjeşte mult acum după această întâlnire, dar se opune acestui sentiment al ei." Andrei Tamaş, 27 ianuarie 2016

  23. 4 out of 5

    Nikolaus Geromont

    The Interpretation of Dream (in this case the eighth and last edition published in 1930), a theory on the possible meaning and construction of dreams written by Sigmund Freud early in 1899, is the first psychological/philosophical book I've read, and it is most definitely the most difficult book I've ever come across in my life... so difficult, in fact, that the author even states that he doesn't expect his readers to understand his theories, and admits to their utter complex nature (Chapter 7E) The Interpretation of Dream (in this case the eighth and last edition published in 1930), a theory on the possible meaning and construction of dreams written by Sigmund Freud early in 1899, is the first psychological/philosophical book I've read, and it is most definitely the most difficult book I've ever come across in my life... so difficult, in fact, that the author even states that he doesn't expect his readers to understand his theories, and admits to their utter complex nature (Chapter 7E). This is the only reason why I refrain from giving this book a total of five stars. It is said that Freud wrote this elephantine book (just look at how long it is) mostly for himself, which would explain the major flaws of this book: the manner in which he expresses his theories, the poor arrangement of the book, how he likes to keep the reader in the dark, and leaving off his explanations for (literally) hundreds of pages. You see, the length of Interpreting Dreams has nothing to do with the difficulty of this book; it is only the actual presentation of his theory that causes our frustration at failing to comprehend certain aspects of it. Nonetheless, The Interpretation of Dream is a phenomenal book. Following the previous attempts by different philosophers to interpret the phenomenon of dream, Freud developed the simple theory that dream is nothing other than wish-fulfillment for the individual's unconscious... and somehow managed to develop it into this monster of a book. He provides complicated arguments (and theories) to sustain his belief, countless examples of dreams (including those of the author), and analyses of said dreams. Initially, Freud appears to cover every aspect and type of dream within these pages, judging by the length of his book. This, however, doesn't prove to be the case. In order to understand absolutely everything on Freud's theory, one has to know all the functions and origins of the human psyche, as the author explains. Only after one is familiar with the relations and purposes of consciousness, the pre- and the unconscious; the id, the ego and the superego; his self-developed "psychical apparatus"; the origins of arousal and psychical charges; etc. etc. and etc.; can one fully grasp the concept and full meaning of dream. The Interpretation of Dream is far from complete, as it excludes (thankfully) a lot information about the psyche that Freud would only later voice in subsequent publications. Which leads me to my main point. The highlight of The Interpretation of Dream is not, strangely enough, the phenomenon of dream itself; this book is amazing due to the light it has shed on the human psyche as a whole. As a matter of fact, when I finished Freud's "masterpiece", it felt like the author merely used the dream as a macguffin in order to give us the perfect introduction of the human mind and its functions (see also The Joke and its Relation to the Unconscious). Freud was able to explain the phenomenon of dream via observations on his hysterical and neurotic patients (believe it or not), and it is indeed amazing how clearly hysteria and dream relate to each other. You could say that dream is in fact a variation of hysteria (or vice versa, I'm not sure). Via dream and neurosis, Freud was able to penetrate the workings of thought, and give the reader a more comprehensible view not only on the mind, but also on many other philosophical problems. The Interpretation of Dream is thus the perfect introduction to Freud's works, despite its length. Not only does he give us a rough (albeit complicated) draft on the workings of our minds; he also introduces certain theories for the first time (notably the infamous Oedipus Complex), and gives us a foretaste of his subsequent works. Yes, it is a difficult read, and it deserves many re-reads to be fully understood (especially the seventh and last chapter, "On the Psychology of Dream-Processes). This book will, however, change your perspectives not only on dreams, but also, more importantly, on your actions, thoughts, social relations, mind and self. This is a book which will, if its theory does prove true, give you a better understanding of yourself. "Interpreting dreams is the royal road to knowledge of the unconscious in the life of the mind"

  24. 5 out of 5

    Fatima Alammar

    رغم أن كتابا يحتوي عنوانه على مفردة "نظرية" قد يثير شيئا من "الفزع" أو الخشية من مضمون منفّر وغامض يحتاج لشروح وتفسيرات؛ إلا أن كتاب فرويد هذا لا ينطبق عليه الوصف. إنه يميل للتشويق، كما أنه على درجة عاليةٍ من الحيوية ذلك أنه في الأساس كان مجموعة محاضرات ألقاها سيغموند فرويد في جامعة كلارك في الولايات المتحدة سنة 1909 بدا لي فرويد "مدافعا" عن الحلم، يتعامل معه بتقدير خاص، ويقول أحد الباحثين أن فرويد استقى اهتمامه متأثرا بما جاء في التوراة من فكرة تشير إلى أن "كل حلم يتضمن رسالة ما" هناك مصطلحات معي رغم أن كتابا يحتوي عنوانه على مفردة "نظرية" قد يثير شيئا من "الفزع" أو الخشية من مضمون منفّر وغامض يحتاج لشروح وتفسيرات؛ إلا أن كتاب فرويد هذا لا ينطبق عليه الوصف. إنه يميل للتشويق، كما أنه على درجة عاليةٍ من الحيوية ذلك أنه في الأساس كان مجموعة محاضرات ألقاها سيغموند فرويد في جامعة كلارك في الولايات المتحدة سنة 1909 بدا لي فرويد "مدافعا" عن الحلم، يتعامل معه بتقدير خاص، ويقول أحد الباحثين أن فرويد استقى اهتمامه متأثرا بما جاء في التوراة من فكرة تشير إلى أن "كل حلم يتضمن رسالة ما" هناك مصطلحات معينة ابتدعها الطبيب النمساوي اللامع، لن يتمكن الفرد من استيعابها إلا اذا اطّلع وقرأ وأعاد قراءة بعض السطور، منها على سبيل المثال "صياغة الحلم" و "عمل الحلم" و"الحلم الظاهر" و"الحلم الكامن" و"رقابة الحلم" الذي راقني ودوّنته عندي ويعني نوع من "المقاومة" وظيفتها إحداث تحريف في الحلم، وتذهب بعيدا من خلال موالاة عملها بالحفاظ على التحريف و"صونه" .. في الحديث عن (رمزية الحلم) بدا لي فرويد مبالغا في حماسته، وبعد أن حشد الكثير جدا من الرموز وأسبغ عليها تفسيرا جنسيا، قلت بيني وبين نفسي It's Over وأحسبني ممن عناهم فرويد عندما صرّح (قد تقولون لي بسخط واستنكار: من يسمعك يخيل إليه أننا لا نعيش إلا في عالم من الرموز الجنسية ، أكل ما يحيط من أشياء، وكل ما نرتديه من ملابس، وكل ما نحمله باليد، أهو كله عندك رموز جنسية، ولا شيء غير ذلك؟ ..) والغريب أنك تنتظر منه مبررات مقنعة، فلا تجده إلا وقد زاد ادّعاءاته هشاشة، وهي بالمناسبة ليست قليلة ! الأسلوب ممتع جدا، وستجد فرويد صادقا عندما يؤكد أنه يبتعد عن "العرض الرتيب الذي يخفي الصعوبات، ويسد الثغرات ويحجب الشكوك" لكنه على وجه التحديد يقدّم علما بما فيه من "وعورة وفجاجة وادّعاء وتردد" .. وتلك هي، بالضبط، مجمل اللعبة المسلية في الكتاب !

  25. 5 out of 5

    Molly

    While Freud does an excellent job in explaining the tracing of dreams back to passing thoughts or unfulfilled wishes/desires, I think he attributes too many of our passions and deepest yearnings to simple, instinctual sexuality. Freud, in my opinion, speaks more of his own psychology than he does to explain the reasoning behind dreaming for the masses. This observation, however, leads me to question the notion that one single methodology for interpreting dreams could exist and apply to all. It s While Freud does an excellent job in explaining the tracing of dreams back to passing thoughts or unfulfilled wishes/desires, I think he attributes too many of our passions and deepest yearnings to simple, instinctual sexuality. Freud, in my opinion, speaks more of his own psychology than he does to explain the reasoning behind dreaming for the masses. This observation, however, leads me to question the notion that one single methodology for interpreting dreams could exist and apply to all. It seems that the encoding of dreams can only be interpreted by the experiencing individual who can then apply the relevancies of their life to the transcription of meaning. Alas, more questions than answers are found in the reading...

  26. 5 out of 5

    Rosa Ramôa

    Os sonhos tem significados...Alguns! Freud diz que sonhar é significar!

  27. 4 out of 5

    Mohamed Elshawaf

    عذرا لهذا (الهرى) القادم، هو ضرورى لإثبات مذكرة دفاعى، لمحة عن شخصيتى القارئة (يمكنك تخطيه حيث الريفيو يبدأ من الصورة): ــــــــــــــــــــ لماذا كانت كل تلك المعاناة؟! على مدار شهرين وأنا أقرأ فرويد، فى البداية يمهد لأفكاره بتبسيط لفكرة الأحلام عبر التاريخ مستعرضا خصائصها وظواهرها، مستشهدا بأحلام من عنده وباستخدام قريحة حاذقة يأتى بتفسير مدهش للأحلام غير متوقع على الإطلاق وفى الوقت نفسه لاتملك إلا أن تصدق هذا التفسير العبقرى، فرويد هنا يذكرنى بالشخصيات الكارتونية المتخصصة فى حل الألغاز؛ المحقق كو عذرا لهذا (الهرى) القادم، هو ضرورى لإثبات مذكرة دفاعى، لمحة عن شخصيتى القارئة (يمكنك تخطيه حيث الريفيو يبدأ من الصورة): ــــــــــــــــــــ لماذا كانت كل تلك المعاناة؟! على مدار شهرين وأنا أقرأ فرويد، فى البداية يمهد لأفكاره بتبسيط لفكرة الأحلام عبر التاريخ مستعرضا خصائصها وظواهرها، مستشهدا بأحلام من عنده وباستخدام قريحة حاذقة يأتى بتفسير مدهش للأحلام غير متوقع على الإطلاق وفى الوقت نفسه لاتملك إلا أن تصدق هذا التفسير العبقرى، فرويد هنا يذكرنى بالشخصيات الكارتونية المتخصصة فى حل الألغاز؛ المحقق كونان، كرومبو.. لكنه أكثر عبقرية! ـــــ لكنى توقفت بعد مائتى صفحة تقريبا عن الشعور بتلك الدهشة، حدّت بينى وبينه مسافات فاصلة، فتوقفت عندى الرغبة، ولأننا فى صدد كتاب عن علم النفس، فيمكننا إذا أن نعزو هذا الشعور إلى عامل نفسى لا أكثر، فقط توقفت عن الرغبة، (نحّوا أى سبب ثقافى آخر له علاقة بالقراءة).. ومع ذلك ثابرت، وتصبّرت، شقّ على أن يفتنى كتاب مصنف على أنه من أكثر عشر كتب تأثيرا فى التاريخ، ثم إن نظريتى فى القراءة تقتضى أنه لارجوع عن كتاب قطعت فيه شوطا كبيرا مهما كانت الأسباب، أولا لتفادى خسارة الوقت الذى اجتُز سابقا، وثانيا أننى على يقين أن الصفحات القادمة لابد وأن تنطوى على شيء ما قد يكون مهما أو فكرى تنثال على رأسى بغير هدى من الكتاب، إلى آخره من أسباب.. لكن اتضح أن قراءته أصبحت مستحيلة، لا رغبة إطلاقا، كأنى أقرأ عن أكثر الأشياء التى لا أود القراءة عنها، على الرغم أنه ليست لدى أشياء محظور القراءة عنها، لكن هكذا كان شعورى! كانت أشبه بحرب نفسية، لابد أن ينتهى هذا الكتاب مهما كلفنى، واعتبرت عدم قراءة فرويد خسران مبين (وهذا ما سيتضح عدم صحته فيما بعد) جرى بينى وبين رئيس تحرير مجلة كبرى حديث ما، تطرقت إلى قراءة فرويد، فاحتد غاضبا أن فرويد قد انتهى، نظرياته قد وراها الثرى، راسلت طبيب نفسى كبير وكان هذا أيضا رأيه (وسيتم تفصيل ذلك فيما بعد)! إذا فلما الشعور بالذنب الثقيل هذا؟، هوّن عليك يا فتى.. لكنى مع ذلك قررت أن أستمر فى قراءته!! ليس لسبب علمى (معرفة علم النفس مثلا) لكن لسبب أدبى (سيتم شرحه فيما بعد) تحاملت وقرأت، لكن الكتاب يلفظنى من بين دفتيه غير راغب فىّ كما أنى لست راغبا فيه! واليوم قطعت أمرا لا رجعة فيه، لنكف عن هذا الهراء، لنقطع صلة غير مرغوبة من الطرفين، لننهى المعاناة، وما أن أصدرت قرارى هذا حتى شعرت بدفقات من نسائم الحرية تلاطفنى، فتخرج كتب أخرى للنور، لتأخذ حقها المسلوب، منعنى هذا الكتاب من كتب أخرى عظيمة الأثر ظللت أماطلها حتى يأتى يوم فرويد الموعود، لكنه لم يأتِ.. واليوم فقط يتحقق العدل، يذهب فرويد بنظرياته البائسة ليحل محله كتب طالما انتظرتها كثيرا، كأن اليوم قد تكسرت فيه قيودها...مرحى ــــ أنا أبدا لا أضيف كتابا لم أكمله فى قائمة قراءاتى، لكن انتصارا لقيم العدل وزهواً بنسائم الحرية سوف أضيفه لقائمة قراءاتى.. وليكن أمراً! ـــ إلى الريفيو، (لكن عذرا؛ سأنتقل الآن من الفصحى إلى العامية، لهجة تناسب حالة العبث!) ... عارف انت الفرق بين العربيتين دول، هو نفس الفرق بين نظريات فرويد اللى انقرضت والنظريات الحديثة اللى قايم عليها علم النفس الحديث، نظريات فرويد كانت بمثابة اختراع شيء جديد، العالم انبهر بأفكاره وطريقة تحليله، لكن كل دا تهاوى مع تطور علم النفس، وبقت مجرد ذكرى، يعنى لما تقرا فرويد زى اللى بيشترى عربية قديمة لمجرد حبه للتحف.. نظريات فرويد حاليا غير مطبقة فى أى مكان فى العالم غير فى بعض الدول الاسكندنافية، الأطباء بيستخدموا نظرياته، وعلاجه ممكن يستمر سنين!! والأطباء دول من النوع الكلاسيكى البرجوازى اللى غالبا منفصلين فى برج عاجى! ـــ قراءة فرويد صعبة لأبعد الحدود، ولك أن تعرف إنه خد جائزة جوته مش فى الطب النفسى لكن فى الأدب، لأسلوبه الفريد فى اللغة الألمانية، ومساهمته فى تطويرها، وطبعا حاجات زى دى بتقلل خوف الألمان من انقراض لغتهم، اللى فعلا على وشك الانقراض! تأثير فرويد الأعظم هو تأثير أدبى، مش بس لأسلوبه فى اللغة، لكن كمان فيه آراء بتقول إن "تفسير الأحلام" من أهم الأسس اللى قامت عليها الحداثة، خد عندك مثلا، الشعر الحداثى أو الشعر الحر، اللى مليء بالخيالات أشبه بالأحلام، فرويد مثلا لما يفسر حلم ممكن يطلع منه معانى كتير جدا ودا بسبب عنصر التكثيف، والرمزية الشديدة فى الأحلام، ودا الأساس دلوقتى فى كتير من الأشعار، وسبب معاناتنا فى فهمها! يمكن الجنس استحوذ على تفكير فرويد لأن الجنس من أكتر عوامل الكبت عند الإنسان، واللاشعور بيتأثر أكتر بعوامل الكبت، فبالتالى المشاكل النفسية بيكون سببها الكبت الجنسى، فرويد شايف كدا! كمان فرويد هو مكتشف سحر السيجار فى فم المرأة ووقعها الجنسى الفج، ودا برضو من صور الحداثة، وبالمناسبة مارلين مونرو كانت إحدى بشائر الحداثة! ــــ الترجمة: من النوع اللى شكلها يبهر لكنها خواء تفتقد للبناء السليم، من نوع ترجمة "اللف والدوران" ــــ هذا كل شيء.. والسلام

  28. 5 out of 5

    Phillip

    while freud certainly broke open the egg of the unconscious for all to marvel, it's probably a cliche these days to say that these early interpretations of various dream states are rather clumsy. nonetheless, that's how i see them. what freud failed to realize is that the author of the dream alone is the one that holds the key to meaning, and that outside sources, while being able to guide the subject to discover their own readings, can never offer a meaning that is free from their own bias and while freud certainly broke open the egg of the unconscious for all to marvel, it's probably a cliche these days to say that these early interpretations of various dream states are rather clumsy. nonetheless, that's how i see them. what freud failed to realize is that the author of the dream alone is the one that holds the key to meaning, and that outside sources, while being able to guide the subject to discover their own readings, can never offer a meaning that is free from their own bias and vision of the world.

  29. 4 out of 5

    نعیمه بخشی

    من این کتاب رو با عنوان روش تعبیر رویا و با ترجمه محمد حجازی خوندم. حالا نسخه تازه ای از این کتاب با ترجمه شیوا رویگریان ازش منتشر شده که حجم قابل توجهی هم داره و شامل نمونهی زیادی از خوابهای فروید، بیمارانش و پروندههاییه که بررسیشون کرده من این کتاب رو با عنوان روش تعبیر رویا و با ترجمه محمد حجازی خوندم. حالا نسخه تازه ای از این کتاب با ترجمه شیوا رویگریان ازش منتشر شده که حجم قابل توجهی هم داره و شامل نمونه‌ی زیادی از خواب‌های فروید، بیمارانش و پرونده‌هاییه که بررسی‌شون کرده

  30. 5 out of 5

    B. Han Varli

    iki ciltli versiyonunun ilk cildini bitirdim, hakkında bir şeyler yazacağım

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